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OSI Model Reference Guide

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OSI Model Reference Guide

Post  Optitech on Sun Jan 24, 2010 9:37 am

The Open Systems Interconnection (OSI)
reference model has been an essential element of computer network
design since its ratification in 1984. The OSI is an abstract model of
how network protocols and equipment should communicate and work
together (interoperate).
The OSI model is a technology standard maintained by the
International Standards Organization (ISO). Although today's
technologies do not fully conform to the standard, it remains a useful
introduction to the study of network architecture.


The OSI Model Stack

The OSI model divides the complex task of computer-to-computer communications, traditionally called internetworking, into a series of stages known as layers.
Layers in the OSI model are ordered from lowest level to highest.
Together, these layers comprise the OSI stack. The stack contains seven
layers in two groups:


Upper layers -

    7. application
    6. presentation
    5. session


Lower layers -
    4. transport
    3. network
    2. data link
    1. physical

Upper Layers of the OSI Model


OSI designates the application, presentation, and session stages of the stack as the upper layers.
Generally speaking, software in these layers performs
application-specific functions like data formatting, encryption, and
connection management. Examples of upper layer technologies in the OSI model are HTTP, SSL and NFS.

Lower Layers of the OSI Model

The remaining lower layers
of the OSI model provide more primitive network-specific functions like
routing, addressing, and flow control. Examples of lower layer
technologies in the OSI model are TCP, IP, and Ethernet.

Benefits of the OSI Model

By separating the network
communications into logical smaller pieces, the OSI model simplifies
how network protocols are designed. The OSI model was designed to
ensure different types of equipment (such as network adapters, hubs, and routers)
would all be compatible even if built by different manufacturers. A
product from one network equipment vendor that implements OSI Layer 2
functionality, for example, will be much more likely to interoperate
with another vendor's OSI Layer 3 product because both vendors are
following the same model. The OSI model also makes network designs more extensible as new
protocols and other network services are generally easier to add to a
layered architecture than to a monolithic one.

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OSI Model Reference Guide

Post  Miyavi on Mon Jan 25, 2010 11:43 pm

Panjang nyer....tak larat plak nk baca ni n then tak faham ooo....Aduyaaiii...!!!

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Re: OSI Model Reference Guide

Post  Optitech on Tue Jan 26, 2010 7:13 am

nanti ada masa aku upload

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EXCUSE IS THE DUMBEST WAY TO ESCAPE

MAKLUMAN: Worksheet/Assignment Download Section hanya untuk pengguna berdaftar. Sila daftar untuk melakukan 'download'. Lepas dah click link, tekan kat perkataan "Skip Ad" bahagian atas belah kanan sekali. Pastu baru leh download.
Harap Maklum.

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Re: OSI Model Reference Guide

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